Country Program type Time to permanent residency Time to citizenship Best For Investment Type Investment Amount Minimal annual income Taxes
Andorra
Residence without gainful activity temporary residency - 20 investor real estatebank depositactive business investmentbondsfixed bank deposit €400,000 €35,692.20 10%
Andorra
Residence without gainful activity temporary residency - 20 entrepreneurself-employed (contractor) entrepreneurship €50,000 €35,692.20 10%
United Arab Emirates
Business Residence Visa temporary residency - - entrepreneurinvestor entrepreneurshipshares Dhs50,000 - 0%
United Arab Emirates
Property investor Residence Visa temporary residency - - investor real estate Dhs1,000,000 Dhs120,000 0%
Argentina
Person of independent means visa (Rentista) temporary residency 3 5 person of independent means proof of incomepassive income - ARS$30,000 35%
Argentina
Pensioner visa (Pensionado) temporary residency 3 5 retired pension - ARS$30,000 35%
Argentina
Investor visa (Inversionista) temporary residency 3 5 investor active business investment ARS$1,500,000 - 35%
Australia
Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 1 5 entrepreneurinvestor entrepreneurshipactive business investment - - 47%
Australia
Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 2 6 investor active business investment A$1,500,000 - 47%
Australia
Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 4 8 investor private equityventure capitalinvestment fund A$5,000,000 - 47%
Australia
Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 4 8 entrepreneur entrepreneurship A$200,000 - 47%
Australia
Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 1 5 investor real estatebondsdonationactive business investment A$15,000,000 - 47%
Belize
Qualified Retired Person Incentive Program temporary residency 1 6 retired proof of incomepensionpassive income - $24,000 25%
Chile
Investor/Entrepreneur/Trader Visa (Inversionista/Empresario/Comerciante) temporary residency 1 5 investor businessreal estateentrepreneurshipactive business investment - - 35%
Chile
Retirement/Income based visa (Jubilado/Rentista) temporary residency 1 5 retiredperson of independent means pension - $18,000 35%
Costa Rica
Person of independent means visa (Rentista) temporary residency 3 7 person of independent means passive income - $30,000 25%
Costa Rica
Pensioner visa (Pensionado) temporary residency 3 7 retired pension - $12,000 25%
Costa Rica
Investor visa (Inversionista) temporary residency 3 7 investor real estateactive business investmentforest plantationssecurities $200,000 - 25%
Ecuador
Temporary residence visa temporary residency 2 3 anyone proof of income - $12,000 35%
Estonia
Temporary residence permit temporary residency 5 10 entrepreneurself-employed businessentrepreneurshipactive business investment €65,000 €3,120 20%
Estonia
Temporary residence permit temporary residency 5 10 entrepreneur entrepreneurship - €1,560 20%
Estonia
Temporary residence permit temporary residency 5 10 investor investment fundactive business investment €1,000,000 €3,120 20%
Spain
Residency Visa for Acquisition of Real Estate (RIV) temporary residency 5 10 investor real estate €500,000 €25,560 48%
Spain
Residency Visa for Capital Investors (RIC) temporary residency 5 10 investor bonds €2,000,000 €25,560 48%
Spain
Residency Visa for Capital Investors (RIC) temporary residency 5 10 investor bank depositinvestment fundventure capitalprivate equity €1,000,000 €25,560 48%
Spain
Residency Visa for Capital Investors (RIC) temporary residency 5 10 investor shares €1,000,000 €25,560 48%
Spain
Residency Visa for Entrepreneurs and Business Activity (REM) temporary residency 5 10 entrepreneur entrepreneurship - €25,560 48%
Spain
Non-lucrative residence visa temporary residency 5 10 retiredperson of independent means proof of incomepassive incomepension - €25,560 48%
Spain
Self-employed residence visa temporary residency 5 10 entrepreneurself-employed (contractor) entrepreneurshipemployee/contractor - - 48%
Hong Kong
Investment as Entrepreneurs temporary residency 7 - entrepreneur entrepreneurship - - 17%
Hong Kong
Quality Migrant Admission Scheme temporary residency 7 - highly skilled person professional background - - 17%
Hungary
Residence Permit for the Pursuit of Gainful Activity temporary residency 5 8 entrepreneurself-employed entrepreneurshipemployee/contractor - - 15%
Ireland
Start-up Entrepreneur Programme (STEP) temporary residency 5 8 entrepreneur entrepreneurship €50,000 - 40%
Ireland
Immigrant Investor Programme (IIP) temporary residency 5 8 investorentrepreneur active business investmententrepreneurship €1,000,000 - 40%
Ireland
Immigrant Investor Programme (IIP) temporary residency 5 8 investor investment fund €1,000,000 - 40%
Ireland
Immigrant Investor Programme (IIP) temporary residency 5 8 investor real estate investment trust €2,000,000 - 40%
Ireland
Immigrant Investor Programme (IIP) temporary residency 5 8 investor donation €500,000 - 40%
Japan
Business Manager Visa temporary residency 10 5 entrepreneur entrepreneurship ¥5,000,000 - 55.95%
Latvia
Share capital investor residence permit temporary residency 5 6 investor shares €50,000 - 23%
Latvia
Real estate owner residence permit temporary residency 5 6 investor real estate €250,000 - 23%
Latvia
Bonds investor residence permit temporary residency 5 6 investor bonds €250,000 - 23%
Latvia
Bank deposit residence permit temporary residency 5 6 investor bank deposit €280,000 - 23%
Monaco
Residence Permit temporary residency 10 10 anyone bank deposit €500,000 - 0%
Macedonia
Personal work permit temporary residency 5 8 entrepreneurself-employed entrepreneurshipemployee/contractor - - 10%
Malta
Global Residency Scheme temporary residency 5 5 anyone real estateproof of income - - 15%
Malta
Retirement Programme temporary residency - - retired pensionreal estate - - 15%
Mexico
Temporary resident visa temporary residency 4 5 person of independent means proof of income - $15,600 35%
Mexico
Temporary resident visa temporary residency 4 5 investor real estate Mex$2,804,000 - 35%
Mexico
Temporary resident visa temporary residency 4 5 investorentrepreneur entrepreneurshipactive business investment Mex$1,400,000 - 35%
Malaysia
Malaysia My Second Home Program temporary residency - - retiredanyone pensionbank deposit - RM120,000 28%
Malaysia
Malaysia My Second Home Program temporary residency - - anyone bank depositproof of income RM300,000 RM120,000 28%
Malaysia
Malaysia My Second Home Program temporary residency - - investorretired real estatebank deposit RM1,000,000 - 28%
New Zealand
Entrepreneur Work Visa temporary residency 3 5 entrepreneur entrepreneurshipactive business investment NZ$100,000 - 33%
New Zealand
Temporary Retirement Visitor Visa temporary residency 2 7 retiredinvestor bondsprivate equitysecuritiesreal estateinvestment funddonationproof of incomepassive income NZ$750,000 NZ$60,000 33%
Panama
Reforestation Investor Visa temporary residency 2 7 investor investment (other) $80,000 - 25%
Panama
Self Economic Solvency Visa temporary residency 2 7 investor bank depositreal estate $300,000 - 25%
Panama
Business Investor Visa temporary residency 2 7 investorentrepreneur active business investmentprivate equityentrepreneurship $160,000 - 25%
Peru
Investor visa (Inversionista) temporary residency 3 2 investorentrepreneur entrepreneurshipactive business investmentshares S/500,000 - 30%
Peru
Resident worker visa temporary residency 3 2 entrepreneurself-employed (contractor) entrepreneurshipemployee/contractor - $12,000 30%
Portugal
Residence Permit for Investment Activity (ARI / Golden Visa) temporary residency 5 6 investor securitiesbondsprivate equity €1,000,000 - 48%
Portugal
Residence Permit for Investment Activity (ARI / Golden Visa) temporary residency 5 6 entrepreneur entrepreneurship - - 48%
Portugal
Residence Permit for Investment Activity (ARI / Golden Visa) temporary residency 5 6 investor real estate €500,000 - 48%
Portugal
Residence Permit for Investment Activity (ARI / Golden Visa) temporary residency 5 6 investor venture capitalinvestment fund €500,000 - 48%
Portugal
Temporary Residence Permit temporary residency 5 6 retired pension - €12,000 48%
Portugal
Temporary Residence Permit temporary residency 5 6 person of independent means proof of income - €12,000 48%
Singapore
Singapore Entrepreneur Pass temporary residency 2 4 entrepreneur entrepreneurship S$50,000 - 22%