Country Program type Time to permanent residency Time to citizenship Best For Investment Type Investment Amount Minimal annual income Taxes
Andorra Residence without gainful activity temporary residency - 20 entrepreneurself-employed (contractor) entrepreneurship €50,000 €35,692.20 10%
United Arab Emirates Business Residence Visa temporary residency - - entrepreneurinvestor entrepreneurshipshares Dhs50,000 - 0%
Australia Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 1 5 entrepreneurinvestor entrepreneurshipactive business investment - - 47%
Australia Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 4 8 entrepreneur entrepreneurship A$200,000 - 47%
Estonia Temporary residence permit temporary residency 5 10 entrepreneurself-employed businessentrepreneurshipactive business investment €65,000 €3,120 20%
Estonia Temporary residence permit temporary residency 5 10 entrepreneur entrepreneurship - €1,560 20%
Spain Residency Visa for Entrepreneurs and Business Activity (REM) temporary residency 5 10 entrepreneur entrepreneurship - €25,560 48%
Spain Self-employed residence visa temporary residency 5 10 entrepreneurself-employed (contractor) entrepreneurshipemployee/contractor - - 48%
Hong Kong Investment as Entrepreneurs temporary residency 7 - entrepreneur entrepreneurship - - 17%
Hungary Residence Permit for the Pursuit of Gainful Activity temporary residency 5 8 entrepreneurself-employed entrepreneurshipemployee/contractor - - 15%
Ireland Start-up Entrepreneur Programme (STEP) temporary residency 5 8 entrepreneur entrepreneurship €50,000 - 40%
Ireland Immigrant Investor Programme (IIP) temporary residency 5 8 investorentrepreneur active business investmententrepreneurship €1,000,000 - 40%
Japan Business Manager Visa temporary residency 10 5 entrepreneur entrepreneurship ¥5,000,000 - 55.95%
Macedonia Personal work permit temporary residency 5 8 entrepreneurself-employed entrepreneurshipemployee/contractor - - 10%
Mexico Temporary resident visa temporary residency 4 5 investorentrepreneur entrepreneurshipactive business investment Mex$1,400,000 - 35%
New Zealand Entrepreneur Work Visa temporary residency 3 5 entrepreneur entrepreneurshipactive business investment NZ$100,000 - 33%
Panama Business Investor Visa temporary residency 2 7 investorentrepreneur active business investmentprivate equityentrepreneurship $160,000 - 25%
Peru Investor visa (Inversionista) temporary residency 3 2 investorentrepreneur entrepreneurshipactive business investmentshares S/500,000 - 30%
Peru Resident worker visa temporary residency 3 2 entrepreneurself-employed (contractor) entrepreneurshipemployee/contractor - $12,000 30%
Portugal Residence Permit for Investment Activity (ARI / Golden Visa) temporary residency 5 6 entrepreneur entrepreneurship - - 48%
Singapore Singapore Entrepreneur Pass temporary residency 2 4 entrepreneur entrepreneurship S$50,000 - 22%
Thailand BOI Company (Business visa) temporary residency 3 13 entrepreneur entrepreneurship ฿1,000,000 - 35%
Turkey Residence permit temporary residency 8 5 investorentrepreneur entrepreneurshipreal estateproof of income - 35%
Taiwan Resident visa for investment temporary residency 5 5 investorentrepreneur entrepreneurshipactive business investmentbondsinvestment fund $200,000 - 45%
Taiwan Resident visa for entrepreneur temporary residency 5 5 entrepreneur entrepreneurship NT$500,000 - 45%
Vanuatu Investor Visa temporary residency - 10 investorentrepreneur entrepreneurshipactive business investmentannual levy VT5,000,000 - 0%