Country Program type Time to permanent residency Time to citizenship Best For Investment Type Investment Amount Minimal annual income Taxes
Andorra Residence without gainful activity temporary residency - 20 investor real estatebank depositactive business investmentbondsfixed bank deposit €400,000 €35,692.20 10%
United Arab Emirates Business Residence Visa temporary residency - - entrepreneurinvestor entrepreneurshipshares Dhs50,000 - 0%
United Arab Emirates Property investor Residence Visa temporary residency - - investor real estate Dhs1,000,000 Dhs120,000 0%
Argentina Investor visa (Inversionista) temporary residency 3 5 investor active business investment ARS$1,500,000 - 35%
Australia Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 1 5 entrepreneurinvestor entrepreneurshipactive business investment - - 47%
Australia Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 2 6 investor active business investment A$1,500,000 - 47%
Australia Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 4 8 investor private equityventure capitalinvestment fund A$5,000,000 - 47%
Australia Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 1 5 investor real estatebondsdonationactive business investment A$15,000,000 - 47%
Chile Investor/Entrepreneur/Trader Visa (Inversionista/Empresario/Comerciante) temporary residency 1 5 investor businessreal estateentrepreneurshipactive business investment - - 35%
Costa Rica Investor visa (Inversionista) temporary residency 3 7 investor real estateactive business investmentforest plantationssecurities $200,000 - 25%
Estonia Temporary residence permit temporary residency 5 10 investor investment fundactive business investment €1,000,000 €3,120 20%
Spain Residency Visa for Acquisition of Real Estate (RIV) temporary residency 5 10 investor real estate €500,000 €25,560 48%
Spain Residency Visa for Capital Investors (RIC) temporary residency 5 10 investor bonds €2,000,000 €25,560 48%
Spain Residency Visa for Capital Investors (RIC) temporary residency 5 10 investor bank depositinvestment fundventure capitalprivate equity €1,000,000 €25,560 48%
Spain Residency Visa for Capital Investors (RIC) temporary residency 5 10 investor shares €1,000,000 €25,560 48%
Ireland Immigrant Investor Programme (IIP) temporary residency 5 8 investorentrepreneur active business investmententrepreneurship €1,000,000 - 40%
Ireland Immigrant Investor Programme (IIP) temporary residency 5 8 investor investment fund €1,000,000 - 40%
Ireland Immigrant Investor Programme (IIP) temporary residency 5 8 investor real estate investment trust €2,000,000 - 40%
Ireland Immigrant Investor Programme (IIP) temporary residency 5 8 investor donation €500,000 - 40%
Latvia Share capital investor residence permit temporary residency 5 6 investor shares €50,000 - 23%
Latvia Real estate owner residence permit temporary residency 5 6 investor real estate €250,000 - 23%
Latvia Bonds investor residence permit temporary residency 5 6 investor bonds €250,000 - 23%
Latvia Bank deposit residence permit temporary residency 5 6 investor bank deposit €280,000 - 23%
Mexico Temporary resident visa temporary residency 4 5 investor real estate Mex$2,804,000 - 35%
Mexico Temporary resident visa temporary residency 4 5 investorentrepreneur entrepreneurshipactive business investment Mex$1,400,000 - 35%
Malaysia Malaysia My Second Home Program temporary residency - - investorretired real estatebank deposit RM1,000,000 - 28%
New Zealand Temporary Retirement Visitor Visa temporary residency 2 7 retiredinvestor bondsprivate equitysecuritiesreal estateinvestment funddonationproof of incomepassive income NZ$750,000 NZ$60,000 33%
Panama Reforestation Investor Visa temporary residency 2 7 investor investment (other) $80,000 - 25%
Panama Self Economic Solvency Visa temporary residency 2 7 investor bank depositreal estate $300,000 - 25%
Panama Business Investor Visa temporary residency 2 7 investorentrepreneur active business investmentprivate equityentrepreneurship $160,000 - 25%
Peru Investor visa (Inversionista) temporary residency 3 2 investorentrepreneur entrepreneurshipactive business investmentshares S/500,000 - 30%
Portugal Residence Permit for Investment Activity (ARI / Golden Visa) temporary residency 5 6 investor securitiesbondsprivate equity €1,000,000 - 48%
Portugal Residence Permit for Investment Activity (ARI / Golden Visa) temporary residency 5 6 investor real estate €500,000 - 48%
Portugal Residence Permit for Investment Activity (ARI / Golden Visa) temporary residency 5 6 investor venture capitalinvestment fund €500,000 - 48%
Turkey Residence permit temporary residency 8 5 investorentrepreneur entrepreneurshipreal estateproof of income - 35%
Taiwan Resident visa for investment temporary residency 5 5 investorentrepreneur entrepreneurshipactive business investmentbondsinvestment fund $200,000 - 45%
Vanuatu Investor Visa temporary residency - 10 investorentrepreneur entrepreneurshipactive business investmentannual levy VT5,000,000 - 0%
Vanuatu Land Owner Visa temporary residency - 10 investor real estateannual levyproof of income VT10,000,000 VT3,000,000 0%