Permanent visa (VIPER)
Although the permanent visa entitles a resident to live and work indefinitely in Brazil, it is subject to revision within the third year after its issuance. Therefore, it is advisable to visit the country regularly and still meet the requirements to get the renewal successfully approved.
After 4 years holding a permanent visa, a resident may apply for citizenship. Citizenship will be granted if resident has resided continuously and demonstrate that has ties with the country, has acceptable Portuguese skills and knowledge of country culture and history. Timing may be shortened if resident is married with a Brazilian citizen.
Investor visaUnder the Resolução Normativa no 28, foreign nationals who show proof of financial means and intention to make a direct investment in Brazil may obtain a permanent visa (VIPER).
The Investor Visa requires an investment of a determined amount by the Ministry of Labor. The amount is usually about R$ 500,000 for an individual investor or about R$ 600,000 if it is made through a Brazilian legal entity. Investments of R$ 150,000 in technology or research areas or that hires 10 Brazilian employees may also qualify.
There is no established requirement regarding where the investment should be spent, and it could be in real properties, stocks or setting up a business.
The visa is subject to revision within the third year after its issuance. Visa will be renewed, provided that the foreigner has visit the country at least one time during the first two years and keeps the investment.
The process usually comprises setting up a legal entity (if applicable) in Brazil and a bank account, transfer the funds and present an investment/business plan to the Ministry of Labor. Once, the investment plan is approved, and financial means are proved by a statement issued by the Brazilian Central Bank, you will be eligible for a permanent visa.
- Business / Investment Plan
- Authorization of Ministry of Labor and Employment.
- Declaratory registration of FDI Foreign Direct Investment in Brazil’s Central Bank or the Exchange Contract issued by the bank of exchange that receives the investment (SISBACEN).
- Receipt of the entry of payment of Income tax for the legal entity’s last year of fiscal operations (if applicable).
- Articles of incorporation of your Brazilian legal entity that received the investment (if applicable).
- Confirmation of the payment of the individual immigration tax.
- Non-criminal record.
- All non-Brazilian documents must be notarized by the competent authorities in their country of origin, and by the respective Brazilian consulate and then translated by a sworn Brazilian translator in Brazil.
No nationality is officially restricted
Dual citizenship is recognized in Brazil. You are not required to renounce your previous nationality to become a citizen of Brazil.
- Original Police Clearance Certificate
- Original and photocopy of passport
- Curriculum Vitae
- Original or Certified copy of Birth Certificate (if applicable)
- Original or Certified copy of Marriage Certificate (if applicable)
- Professional and academic certificates
- Evidence of Residential Address
- Bank Statement
- Certified copy of Business License or Incorporation documents (if applicable)
- Business Plan
- Two passport-size photos
permanent residency benefits
FeesPlease sign in to view
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Visa Free Travel
A permanent resident will be deemed to be a tax resident in Brazil. If a permanent resident or citizen lives abroad, for the first 12 months subsequent to their departure may be considered a tax resident.
Tax residents are subject to personal income tax on their worldwide income, whereas non-residents are taxed on their Brazilian-source income.
Brazilian-source income is subject to monthly withholdings, residents foreign-source income is subject to monthly tax payments.
Personal income tax rates are progressive up to 27.5% for monthly income in excess of R$ 4,664.68.
Capital gains are taxed separately at progressive rates from 15% to 22.5% for income above R$ 30 million. Dividends are exempted in hands of individuals provided that were taxed on source.
Interest income is also taxed at progressive rates ranging from 15% to 22.5%
There are controlled foreign company rules in Brazil. Brazilian taxpayers must declare profits of their companies owned abroad and in certain cases part of these profits may be deemed as distributed and therefore subject to tax.
Real property taxes are levied by municipalities and ranges from 0.3% to 1.5% of the market value of the property. There is also a real estate transfer tax at a progressive rate from 2% to 6%.
States levy inheritance taxes of up to 8% rate. There is no net worth tax in Brazil.
V.A.T. is levied at the federal, state and municipal level. IPI is the federal tax imposed on manufacture and import of goods and its average rate is 20%. ICMS is the state tax and ranges from 4% to 25%.
With regard to corporate income tax, resident companies are taxed on their worldwide income at a 15% tax rate. However, considering surtaxes and social contributions on profits, the effective tax rate is about 34%. A tax credit for foreign tax paid is usually available, subject to certain limitations.
Dividends received from resident entities are not subject to taxation and those from foreign entities are considered taxable income. Capital gains are taxed separately at progressive rates that range from 15% to 22.5%. Payments to non-residents on dividends are exempt from withholding tax, but payments abroad on interests and royalties are taxed at 15%. If recipient is resident of a tax haven, tax rate may be increased to 25%. Withholding tax rates may be reduced under a tax treaty.
For further information on corporation legal framework, taxation and tax treaties, you can check incorporations.io/brazil.
This should not be construed as tax advice. Flag Theory | Passports.IO has access to a global network of qualified attorneys and accountants who can give you the proper advice for your particular circumstances. Contact us for further information.
ProceduresPlease sign in to view
Flag Theory | Passports.IO and our qualified attorney in Brazil, will handle all paperwork, and guide you through each step of the process to ensure that it is as fast, efficient and pain free as possible.
First, our lawyers will conduct a due diligence check on you to ensure that you are eligible and meet the criteria to apply for the program and your application will be approved.
We will incorporate your company (if applicable) and introduce you to Brazilian banks in order to you transfer the funds. We work primarily with banks that allow for remotely opened accounts to ensure that you are ready to apply for the visa as soon as possible.
After that, you will have to submit your investment plan to the Ministry of Labor and get the statement issued by the Brazilian Central Bank. You can come to Brazil or delegate power of attorney, so we can do it for you.
Once the investment plan is approved and the Central Bank statement is issued, we will send you the application forms and provide assistance to complete the questionnaires, translate and authenticate documents. You will have to submit the application with its supported documents to the embassy or consulate closer to your location (preferably in your country of residence or nationality).
After paying the corresponding fees (fees may vary depending on your nationality and consulate) and your application is approved, you may go to Brazil to get your residency card.
The process may be bureaucratically complex and lengthy, due to the list documents to be submitted and the approvals required, and it usually takes from 4 to 6 months.
For further information on Permanent visas in Brazil and detailed procedures, contact us for a free private consultation.