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Business Innovation and Investment Programme

Under the Business Innovation and Investment Programme, foreign-nationals conducting business or investing in the country may obtain a temporary residency visa, together with their dependents, and eventually a permanent residency visa. To be eligible the foreign national must be nominated by a state or territory government or Australian agency.

To be nominated, the investor/entrepreneur must file an application for State Nomination with the Business Migration Centre (BMC).

Once approved, it is required to submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) through the SkillSelect Online process of the Australian Department of Immigration and Border Protection.

Once nominated in SkillSelect, he or she will receive an invitation from the Department of Immigration and Border Protection to apply for a Provisional visa subclass 188.

After a certain period of time, depending on the business/investment stream, he or she may apply for a permanent visa subclass 888. After 4 years of permanent residency, he or she may be eligible to apply for citizenship.


Investor stream

To apply for the provisional visa subclass 188 under the Investor Stream, you must have scored at least 65 on SkillSelect test.

You have a high level of management skill in relation to the eligible investment or qualifying business activity, at least three years' experience of direct involvement in managing one or more qualifying businesses or eligible investments and overall successful record of eligible investment or qualifying business activity.

You must make a real commitment to continuing your business and investment activity in Australia after the original investment has matured and live for at least two years in the state or territory in which you have made a designated investment.

You, your partner, or you and your partner combined must for at least one of the five fiscal years immediately before you are invited to apply, have directly managed a qualifying business in which you, your partner or you and your partner combined had at least 10 per cent ownership interest, or eligible investments owned by you, your partner or you and your partner combined of at least AUD1.5million.

During the two fiscal years immediately before you are invited to apply, have legally acquired net business, investment and personal assets of at least AUD2.25 million that are available for legal transfer to Australia within two years of the visa being granted.

You must make a designated investment of at least AUD1.5 million in a state or territory government security using unencumbered funds accumulated from qualifying businesses or eligible investments and be prepared to hold that investment for at least four years from date of issue in your nominating state or territory.

After 4 years, you may apply for a permanent visa subclass 888 (permanent residency), provided that you still hold the investment.


- Be under 55 years of age (some states or territories may waive this requirement, provided that business will bring exceptional economic benefits to the country).
- Curriculum vitae.
- Statement outlining intended business and investment activities.
- Description of your research or study in relevant sectors in Australia.
- Description of the business activities of the business in Australia in which you have an interest, and your period of ownership (if applicable).
- Details if any of your businesses have operated at a loss (if applicable).
- Evidence if any of your businesses is or has been subject to insolvency, receivership or liquidation (if applicable).
- Evidence of bankruptcy of any of your businesses (if applicable)
- Statement of management of your business for one of the five fiscal years prior to application (if applicable).
- Organizational chart of the business for the same year, showing direct management reporting lines and functional responsibilities (if applicable).
- Business registration certificate or license (if applicable).
- Evidence of your share of ownership of business (if applicable).
- A summary of eligible investments claimed for one of the five fiscal years prior (if applicable), including their net value, statement of management and evidence of management (if applicable).
- Evidence of ownership of investments (if applicable).
- Evidence of liabilities against any investment (if applicable).
- Evidence that funds proposed to be used to make the designated investment were accumulated from qualifying business or eligible investment activities.
- Statement of Assets and Liabilities Position (SALP).

Restricted Nationalities

No nationality is officially restricted

dual citizenship

Dual citizenship is recognized in Australia. You are not required to renounce your previous nationality to become a citizen of Australia.

Documents Required

  • Certified copy of passport
  • Two passport-size photos
  • Certified copy of ID Card
  • Original or Certified copy of Birth Certificate (if applicable)
  • Original or Certified copy of Marriage Certificate (if applicable)
  • Medical Certificate
  • Original Police Clearance Certificate
  • Bank Statement
  • Proof of net wealth
  • Certified copy of Business License or Incorporation documents
  • Investment Plan
  • Evidence of Business Background
  • Certified copy of Business License or Incorporation documents (if applicable)
  • Proof of Payment of Business Purchase
  • dual citizenship Yes
  • Family members included Yes
  • land ownership Yes
  • Physical residence required No
  • Personal visit required Yes
  • Language skills required Yes
  • Interview required No
  • Investment Single A$1,500,000
  • Investment Family 4 A$1,500,000
  • Minimum annual income -
  • Time to citizenship 72
  • Time to permanent residency 24
  • Visa-free countries 189
  • Financing available No

Country details

English (Australia)
The Commonwealth of Australia is the sixth largest continent worldwide. Located in Oceania, the country occupies the main continental mass of the Sahul Shelf, in addition to some islands in the Pacific, Indian and Antarctic Oceans. The closest countries to Australia are Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the French dependency of New Caledonia to the northeast, and New Zealand to the southeast. Its population barely exceeds 24 million inhabitants, who are mostly concentrated in the coastal cities of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide and the capital Canberra.

Australia ranks second in the UN’s Human Development Index, only surpassed by Norway, and is the fourth freest economy according to the Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom. It has one of the highest income per capita rankings worldwide - slightly higher than the United States, United Kingdom, Germany and France in terms of purchasing power parity. Australia has a solid and stable economy, with reduced unemployment, controlled inflation, relatively small public debt, and a strong and stable financial system. Its currency is the Australian Dollar (AUD).

Visa Free Travel

With your new passport from Australia you'll be able to access 189 countries visa free


You will be considered a tax resident in Australia if your permanent domicile is in the country or you have been in Australia more than half a given year (unless your place of abode is outside Australia and you don’t intent to reside in the country) or you are an Australian employee.

Tax residents are subject to personal income tax on their worldwide income, whereas non-residents are taxed on their income derived from Australia.

If you hold a provisional visa, you will be considered a temporary resident, and therefore your foreign-source income may not be subject to taxation.

The personal income tax rate is progressive up to 45% for annual income in excess of AUD54,232 (AUD62,685 for non-residents).

An additional tax of 2% applies to income in excess of AUD180,000, both for residents and non-residents.

Capital gains are treated as ordinary income, though if the asset is held by a tax resident (excluding temporary residents) for more than one year, a 50% discount may apply. Nonresidents are also subject to a non-final withholding tax of 10%.

Dividends received from resident companies are taxable income, but a tax offset is usually available to prevent double taxation. For dividends received from foreign sources, a foreign tax credit may be also available. Interests and rental income are subject to taxation at standard rates.

Australia has enacted controlled foreign company (CFC) regulations. Foreign companies controlled by residents that fail the “active income test” (usually when passive income is more than 5%), might have their passive income subject to taxation, whether the income is passed at the personal level or not. Ranges to determine whether a company passes the ‘active income test’ or not, will depend on its jurisdiction of residence.

States and territories levy land taxes. Transfers of assets are subject to a stamp duty at rates up to 5.75%. There is no net worth tax, nor inheritance taxes in Australia.

There is a Goods and Services tax, which applies to transactions of goods and services. The standard rate is 10%.

Regarding corporate taxation, resident entities are subject to a 30% tax on their worldwide income. A reduced tax rate of 28.5% may apply for those companies whose turnover is less than AUD2 million. There are several available tax breaks and exemptions for companies engaging in R&D activities.

Dividends from resident entities are usually entitled to a tax offset. Dividends from a foreign source may be exempted if the parent company holds at least 10% of the shareholding of the payer entity, otherwise they may be taxable.

Capital Gains are treated as ordinary income. An exemption may apply to those from the disposal of shares, if the parent company holds at least 10% of the capital of the subsidiary.

Dividends paid to non-residents may be exempt from withholding taxes, provided that profits were already taxed, otherwise they may be subject to a 30% withholding tax. Payments on interests abroad are usually subject to 10% withholding tax, however certain interests may be exempt. Royalties are usually taxed at 30%. These rates may be reduced or eliminated under a tax treaty.

For further information on corporate taxation, legal framework and tax treaties, check out incorporations.io/australia.

This should not be construed as tax advice. We have access to a global network of qualified attorneys and accountants who can give you the proper advice for your particular circumstances. Contact us for further information.

  • Property tax Yes
  • Transfer tax Yes
  • Inheritance tax No
  • Net worth tax No
  • CFC law Yes
  • Tax residency days 183
  • Personal income tax rate 47%
  • Capital Gains tax rate 27.5%
  • Investment income tax rate 27.5%
  • Territorial taxation No

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Residency by Employment (Work Permits)
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Flag Theory is an internationalization and offshore solutions provider, and the creator of residencies.io. We offer expert consultation advice and assistance.

Your privacy is important for us and we will keep your information secure. View our privacy policy

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