Residency Visa for Entrepreneurs and Business Activity (REM)
This visa is aimed at investors who present a business project to be developed in Spain that is considered and accredited as being of general interest, such as those that intend to enter and stay in Spain for a period of one year with the sole or principal purpose to carry out the procedures to be able to develop an entrepreneurial activity.
There is no minimum investment amount required, but the business must be considered of public interest, by means of job creation, or impact in the geographical area where it will be carried out, or provide a relevant contribution to technological or scientific innovation.
The residence visa is valid for 1 year, during which you may apply for a temporary residence permit, which will be valid for 5 years provided that you still keep the investment. Your spouse and your unmarried dependent children may be included in the application.
To maintain your residence status, you will be required to visit Spain at least once per year.
After 5 years of holding the temporary residence permit, you will be eligible for permanent residency. Note that the 1-year residence visa does not count in this 5-year period.
For residents under this scheme, no physical residence or place of abode is required to apply for a PR status.
The permanent residency will entitle you to live and work in Spain indefinitely.
After 10 years of legal residency (temporary or permanent) you may be eligible for naturalization. To become a Spanish citizen, you will be required to commit to renounce your previous nationality, have financial stability, no criminal record, attend to an interview and prove your degree of integration into Spanish society, e.g. knowledge of Spanish language, culture, values and participation in Spanish social activities.
Note that nationals of the Philippines, Andorra, Spanish-American countries, Equatorial Guinea, Portugal, as well as individuals with Jewish Sephardic origin, may be eligible for citizenship after two years of legal residency.
- Not be in Spain with irregular immigration status.
- Be over 18 years old.
- Lack of criminal record in Spain and in the countries where you have resided in the last 5 years, for crimes foreseen in the Spanish legal system.
- Have public insurance or private health insurance arranged with an insurer authorized to operate in Spain.
- Sufficient financial resources for yourself and your family members during your period of residence in Spain (monthly income of €2,130, and additional €533 per dependent).
- Have a favorable report from the Economic and Trade Office of the Spanish Embassy of your country of current residence.
European Economic Area
Spain only recognizes dual citizenship for nationals who have acquired Spanish nationality at birth. Naturalized citizens must renounce their previous nationality, except those from countries with which Spain has concluded a double-nationality agreement. Currently, citizens of the following countries may become Spanish naturalized citizens, without giving up their previous nationality: Andorra, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Uruguay and Venezuela.
- One passport-size photo
- Proof of income
- Bank Statement
- Original Bank Reference Letter (Not older than 6 month)
- Original Police Clearance Certificate
- Evidence of Health Insurance
- Receipt of payment of fees
- Original or Certified copy of Birth Certificate (if applicable)
- Original or Certified copy of Marriage Certificate (if applicable)
- dual citizenship No
- Family members included Yes
- land ownership Yes
- Physical residence required No
- Personal visit required Yes
- Language skills required No
- Interview required No
- Investment Single -
- Investment Family 4 -
- Minimum annual income €25,560
- Time to citizenship 120
- Time to permanent residency 60
- Visa-free countries 174
- Financing available No
permanent residency benefits
temporary residency benefits
FeesPlease sign in to view
|government fees main applicant||€3,000|
|processing fees main applicant||€3,000|
In Europe, it occupies most of the Iberian peninsula, known as peninsular Spain, and the archipelago of the Balearic Islands (in the western Mediterranean sea), and two autonomous cities (Ceuta, Melilla) and an autonomous region (the Canary Islands) in Africa. The peninsular territory shares land borders with France and Andorra to the north, Portugal to the west and the British territory of Gibraltar to the south. In its African territories, it shares land and sea borders with Morocco.
It is inhabited by 46 million people. Its capital and most populated city is Madrid, with over 3.1 million inhabitants. Other important cities include Barcelona (1.6 m), Valencia (800,000) and Seville (700,000). Its official language is Spanish, along with four co-official regional languages, Catalan/Valencian, Basque, Galician and Aranese. Its official currency is the Euro (EUR).
Visa Free Travel
To be a tax-resident in Spain, you must spend more than 183 days in the country during a calendar year or have your center of economic activities located there, if it is not stated otherwise in a tax treaty.
Tax-residents are subject to Personal Income Tax on their worldwide income.
PIT is levied at progressive rates by the state and each autonomous region. The lowest combined top marginal tax rate is 43.5% in Madrid (on annual income exceeding €60,000), and the highest is 48% in Catalonia (annual income exceeding €175,000.20) and Andalusia (annual income exceeding €120,000).
Savings income is taxed at progressive rates between 19% and 23%. This includes capital gains and investment income such as dividends and interests. Rental income is taxed at personal income tax general rates.
Non-residents are subject to Non-resident income tax at a flat rate of 24% on income from Spanish sources. If a non-resident is a resident within the EEA that has concluded a tax exchange of information agreement, he or she will be subject to a reduced rate of 19%. Regarding dividends, capital gains and interests, they are subject to a 19% tax, unless the tax rate is reduced under a tax treaty.
Spain has enacted extensive controlled foreign company (CFC) rules, under which income retained in a non-EU controlled foreign company may be attributable.
Municipalities levy a real property tax up to 1.3% on the cadastral value of property. Transfer of real properties, which are not subject to V.A.T., may be taxed at a 6% tax rate, although this may vary according to each autonomous region.
Inheritance and gift tax ranges from 7.65% to 34%, although it may be higher in some autonomous regions.
Net worth tax is levied at progressive rates between 0.2% to 2.5%. Each autonomous region sets its own minimum amount exempt and its own scale rates. Madrid does not levy net worth tax.
The V.A.T. standard rate is 21%. Certain goods and services are taxed at 10%, 4%, 0% or are exempt.
Regarding corporate taxation, resident entities are subject to 25% income tax on their worldwide income. To learn more about Spanish corporate taxation, legal framework and tax treaties, visit incorporations.io/spain.
This should not be construed as tax advice. Flag Theory | Passports.IO has access to a global network of qualified attorneys and accountants who can give you the proper advice for your particular circumstances. Contact us for further information.
- Property tax Yes
- Transfer tax Yes
- Inheritance tax Yes
- Net worth tax Yes
- CFC law Yes
- Tax residency days 183
- Personal income tax rate 48%
- Capital Gains tax rate 23%
- Investment income tax rate 23%
- Territorial taxation No
ProceduresPlease sign in to view
Flag Theory | Passports.IO and our qualified attorney in Spain will guide you through each step of the process to ensure that it is as fast, efficient and pain-free as possible.
First our lawyers will conduct a due diligence check on you to ensure that you are eligible, and that your application will be approved.
If required, we will assist you in evaluating your business' eligibility and make sure that you comply with all the requirements, assess the quality of the documents presented and advise on any relevant changes to increase the chances that your proposal will be approved. If required, we will handle your company's incorporation process and bank account opening in Spain.
We will submit your entrepreneurial project to the Spanish Economic and Trade office closest to your place of residence. After receiving a favorable report, we will send you the application forms, provide assistance to complete the questionnaires, and translate and legalize supporting documents.
Once you provide the completed application form and supporting documents, the application must be submitted to your country of residence's closest Spanish embassy or consulate, or directly in the Ministry of Interior’s Immigration Department in Spain. You may choose between submitting the application personally or let us do it for you.
The application should be processed in a maximum period of 20 days. After your application is approved, you may travel to Spain to start your residency permit procedures. Our lawyer in Spain will guide you through this process.
For further information on Spanish residency by investment and detailed procedures, contact us for a free private consultation.