Country Program type Time to permanent residency Time to citizenship Best For Investment Type Investment Amount Minimal annual income Taxes
Andorra Residence without gainful activity temporary residency - 20 investor real estatebank depositactive business investmentbondsfixed bank deposit €400,000 €35,692.20 10%
Andorra Residence without gainful activity temporary residency - 20 entrepreneurself-employed (contractor) entrepreneurship €50,000 €35,692.20 10%
United Arab Emirates Business Residence Visa temporary residency - - entrepreneurinvestor entrepreneurshipshares Dhs50,000 - 0%
United Arab Emirates Property investor Residence Visa temporary residency - - investor real estate Dhs1,000,000 Dhs120,000 0%
Argentina Person of independent means visa (Rentista) temporary residency 3 5 person of independent means proof of incomepassive income - ARS$30,000 35%
Argentina Pensioner visa (Pensionado) temporary residency 3 5 retired pension - ARS$30,000 35%
Argentina Investor visa (Inversionista) temporary residency 3 5 investor active business investment ARS$1,500,000 - 35%
Australia Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 1 5 entrepreneurinvestor entrepreneurshipactive business investment - - 47%
Australia Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 2 6 investor active business investment A$1,500,000 - 47%
Australia Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 4 8 investor private equityventure capitalinvestment fund A$5,000,000 - 47%
Australia Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 4 8 entrepreneur entrepreneurship A$200,000 - 47%
Australia Business Innovation and Investment Programme temporary residency 1 5 investor real estatebondsdonationactive business investment A$15,000,000 - 47%
Australia Business Talent Programme permanent residency - 4 entrepreneur entrepreneurship - - 47%
Australia Business Talent Programme permanent residency - 4 entrepreneur entrepreneurship A$1,000,000 - 47%
Bulgaria Immigrant Investor Program citizenshippermanent residency - 2 investor bondsactive business investmentshares лв1,000,000 - 10%
Brazil Permanent visa (VIPER) permanent residency - 4 investorentrepreneur entrepreneurshipreal estatebusiness R$500,000 - 27.5%
Brazil Permanent visa (VIPER) permanent residency - 4 retired proof of incomepension - R$72,000 27.5%
Bahamas Immigrant Investor Program permanent residency - 10 investor real estate B$500,000 - 0%
Belize Qualified Retired Person Incentive Program temporary residency 1 6 retired proof of incomepensionpassive income - $24,000 25%
Canada Startup Visa Program permanent residency - 5 entrepreneur entrepreneurship - C$12,300 54%
Canada Prince Edward Island Program (PEI) permanent residency - 5 entrepreneur entrepreneurship C$200,000 - 51.4%
Canada Quebec Business People permanent residency - 5 investor trust C$800,000 - 53.7%
Chile Investor/Entrepreneur/Trader Visa (Inversionista/Empresario/Comerciante) temporary residency 1 5 investor businessreal estateentrepreneurshipactive business investment - - 35%
Chile Retirement/Income based visa (Jubilado/Rentista) temporary residency 1 5 retiredperson of independent means pension - $18,000 35%
Costa Rica Person of independent means visa (Rentista) temporary residency 3 7 person of independent means passive income - $30,000 25%
Costa Rica Pensioner visa (Pensionado) temporary residency 3 7 retired pension - $12,000 25%
Costa Rica Investor visa (Inversionista) temporary residency 3 7 investor real estateactive business investmentforest plantationssecurities $200,000 - 25%
Cyprus Permanent Residency (Fast-track option) permanent residency - 7 investor real estatebank depositproof of income €330,000 €30,000 35%
Cyprus Permanent Residency (Normal-track option) permanent residency 1 8 investor real estateproof of income €150,000 €10,000 35%
Dominican Republic Residency by investment permanent residency - 2 investor passive income - $24,000 25%
Dominican Republic Residency by investment permanent residency - 2 retired pension - $18,000 25%
Dominican Republic Residency by investment permanent residency - 2 investor securitiesactive business investmentbondsfixed bank depositreal estateinvestment fund $200,000 - 25%
Ecuador Temporary residence visa temporary residency 2 3 anyone proof of income - $12,000 35%
Estonia Temporary residence permit temporary residency 5 10 entrepreneurself-employed businessentrepreneurshipactive business investment €65,000 €3,120 20%
Estonia Temporary residence permit temporary residency 5 10 entrepreneur entrepreneurship - €1,560 20%
Estonia Temporary residence permit temporary residency 5 10 investor investment fundactive business investment €1,000,000 €3,120 20%
Spain Residency Visa for Acquisition of Real Estate (RIV) temporary residency 5 10 investor real estate €500,000 €25,560 48%
Spain Residency Visa for Capital Investors (RIC) temporary residency 5 10 investor bonds €2,000,000 €25,560 48%
Spain Residency Visa for Capital Investors (RIC) temporary residency 5 10 investor bank depositinvestment fundventure capitalprivate equity €1,000,000 €25,560 48%
Spain Residency Visa for Capital Investors (RIC) temporary residency 5 10 investor shares €1,000,000 €25,560 48%
Spain Residency Visa for Entrepreneurs and Business Activity (REM) temporary residency 5 10 entrepreneur entrepreneurship - €25,560 48%
Spain Non-lucrative residence visa temporary residency 5 10 retiredperson of independent means proof of incomepassive incomepension - €25,560 48%
Spain Self-employed residence visa temporary residency 5 10 entrepreneurself-employed (contractor) entrepreneurshipemployee/contractor - - 48%
Georgia Investment residence permit permanent residency - 5 investor real estateinvestment fundsecuritiesintellectual property ₾300,000 - 20%
Greece Permanent residence permit for investors permanent residency - - investor real estate €250,000 - 45%